Quick tips

3 weeks ago

Northern Bush

While we rarely experience them in our daily life, there are five factors that to a quite high degree affect and sometimes cloud our judgment; hunger, thirst, heat/cold, fatigue and stress. They are of course also all connected and affect each other in various ways, with e.g. overheating leading to both fatigue and thirst, which in turn can cause stress. And stress caused by even quite small things, like rain or fear of the dark, can often cause us to act rashly, not quite taking the time to think things through properly, or in worst case, become completely indecisive and passive, while hunger, thirst and heat or cold can make our minds slow, and analysis of things becomes quite difficult as we turn into an "energy saving" mode, acting more and more on automated instinct.

And since we normally do not experience these things other than in situations we have little control over, with accidents, it is good to practice them under somewhat controlled circumstances, so you know how they affect you, and you learn to recognize the warning signs and can to a degree avoid having them affect your judgment. Likewise, it is good to learn habits that protect us and make them "instinct" so we use them without thinking when we turn into automated mode, for instance in how we walk and move in nature, how we use our tools, how we handle fire, how we eat and drink, and how we use shelter.

Other things are harder to learn to physically prepare for, like the paralysis that comes from falling through the ice in a winter lake, or severe bleeding wounds, but even mental and practical preparation helps here, so if nothing else, at least learn what actions you are to take, and practice them with the required gear.

#northernbush #bushcraft #survival #prepping
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While we rarely experience them in our daily life, there are five factors that to a quite high degree affect and sometimes cloud our judgment; hunger, thirst, heat/cold, fatigue and stress. They are of course also all connected and affect each other in various ways, with e.g. overheating leading to both fatigue and thirst, which in turn can cause stress. And stress caused by even quite small things, like rain or fear of the dark, can often cause us to act rashly, not quite taking the time to think things through properly, or in worst case, become completely indecisive and passive, while hunger, thirst and heat or cold can make our minds slow, and analysis of things becomes quite difficult as we turn into an energy saving mode, acting more and more on automated instinct.

And since we normally do not experience these things other than in situations we have little control over, with accidents, it is good to practice them under somewhat controlled circumstances, so you know how they affect you, and you learn to recognize the warning signs and can to a degree avoid having them affect your judgment. Likewise, it is good to learn habits that protect us and make them instinct so we use them without thinking when we turn into automated mode, for instance in how we walk and move in nature, how we use our tools, how we handle fire, how we eat and drink, and how we use shelter.

Other things are harder to learn to physically prepare for, like the paralysis that comes from falling through the ice in a winter lake, or severe bleeding wounds, but even mental and practical preparation helps here, so if nothing else, at least learn what actions you are to take, and practice them with the required gear.

#northernbush  #bushcraft #survival #prepping

1 month ago

Northern Bush

Discipline with gear is one of the most important things to learn when spending time outdoors. Far too often do people misplace and forget their gear when going home, and this can even in severe cases lead to life threatening situations.

Not only does strict discipline for equipment prevent you from losing gear, but more importantly it also makes it easier and quicker to find it when you need it, and this is especially important for gear like first aid kits and fire tools.

A couple of practices are good to learn for this:

1. Make a habit of having a certain arrangement of your gear. E.g. put your water and first aid kit close to each other and at a convenient, central location at your camp, preferably accessible with one hand only, and store all your firetools in a small box in a specific pocket on your person. Also keep a small first aid kit on your person, e.g. in a leg pocket.

2. Always return your items to the assigned places and never break habit.

3. Always put the sheaths back on knives, hatchets and axes. Don't leave them lying around naked with exposed blades, especially if there are others with you, and in particular if you have kids running about in camp.

4. Keep a similar order of things with the items you carry on your person. At camp, some of those items, like your compass, might not be needed for everyday carry, so store them at a specific spot, for instance on your hammock ridgeline, or in a bag in your tent/tarp.

5. Always close lids, bags and pockets properly. Don't walk around with them open as you risk having things fall out without you noticing. This is especially important when you move away from camp.

6. Carabiners, strings and belt loops can often be a great help in safeguarding that you don't lose your gear. Just clip your gear to your jacket, belt or pack. Make sure to use good carabiners though, so they don't have a bad lock and fall off without you noticing.

7. Keep a specific order of things in your backpack and don't let your gear and food wander about in camp. Pack it up, in order again, before you go to sleep and hang it up on a tree to make it more difficult for animals getting to your stuff. Rodents even tend to eat rubber and plastics, meaning you may otherwise find yourself with a gnawed up knife handle.

8. Clean things off after use. Don't wait too long as it is often easier to clean your gear when the dirt and grime is fresh. Leaving it on risks corrosion and damage.

#northernbush #northerbushnews #bushcraft #outdoors #hiking
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Discipline with gear is one of the most important things to learn when spending time outdoors. Far too often do people misplace and forget their gear when going home, and this can even in severe cases lead to life threatening situations.

Not only does strict discipline for equipment prevent you from losing gear, but more importantly it also makes it easier and quicker to find it when you need it, and this is especially important for gear like first aid kits and fire tools.

A couple of practices are good to learn for this:

1. Make a habit of having a certain arrangement of your gear. E.g. put your water and first aid kit close to each other and at a convenient, central location at your camp, preferably accessible with one hand only, and store all your firetools in a small box in a specific pocket on your person. Also keep a small first aid kit on your person, e.g. in a leg pocket.

2. Always return your items to the assigned places and never break habit.

3. Always put the sheaths back on knives, hatchets and axes. Dont leave them lying around naked with exposed blades, especially if there are others with you, and in particular if you have kids running about in camp.

4. Keep a similar order of things with the items you carry on your person. At camp, some of those items, like your compass, might not be needed for everyday carry, so store them at a specific spot, for instance on your hammock ridgeline, or in a bag in your tent/tarp.

5. Always close lids, bags and pockets properly. Dont walk around with them open as you risk having things fall out without you noticing. This is especially important when you move away from camp.

6. Carabiners, strings and belt loops can often be a great help in safeguarding that you dont lose your gear. Just clip your gear to your jacket, belt or pack. Make sure to use good carabiners though, so they dont have a bad lock and fall off without you noticing.

7. Keep a specific order of things in your backpack and dont let your gear and food wander about in camp. Pack it up, in order again, before you go to sleep and hang it up on a tree to make it more difficult for animals getting to your stuff. Rodents even tend to eat rubber and plastics, meaning you may otherwise find yourself with a gnawed up knife handle.

8. Clean things off after use. Dont wait too long as it is often easier to clean your gear when the dirt and grime is fresh. Leaving it on risks corrosion and damage.

#northernbush #northerbushnews #bushcraft #outdoors #hiking

 

Comment on Facebook

I use home made or improvised gear where I can, Ideally from materials found around me. But I do get seduced by shiny kit now and then. At least until I can find a way to reproduce it.

Good post! Lanyards are your friend...

Great tips.

3 months ago

Northern Bush

While not really meant for medical purposes cyanacrylate-based super glues can be very useful for emergencies with smaller cuts, sealing the wounds quickly. So it really should be in your first aid kit.

CA glue was used for war medicine already in 1966, during the Vietnam War, to reduce bleeding in wounded soldiers before they were sent to proper medical care at hospital. However, for various reasons it wasn't approved for wounds and surgery by the US FDA until 1998.

The procedure is simple if you know how to treat cuts and how to use super glues: Clean the wound properly, press the ends of the wound together and apply the glue to the skin, making sure to get as little glue in the wound as possible. Also, like always with super glue; make sure that nothing else gets glued stuck. Like your other fingers...

In this case, I managed to cut through the nail, about 3-4mm into the tissue, cutting the nail in half, but with the both parts still attached to the thumb. The cut was cleaned, and pressed tight to stop it from bleeding, the two pieces pressed together, and then super glue brushed onto the nail only. Quick and easy fix that will allow it to heal up. And far better than a band aid. Of course proper Dermabond, SurgiSeal or EpiGlue etc, are far better as regular super glue can irritate the skin, but they are also much, much more expensive. As an alternative you can also look for super glues for veterinary purposes, like Surgi-Lock, Nexaband, VetGlu, Vetbond and LiquiVet, all of which come at a cheaper price.

Finally, also make sure to never apply large quantities to skin as that can lead to chemical burn. And it is probably wise to see a doctor and have it treated properly, once you get back to civilization.
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While not really meant for medical purposes cyanacrylate-based super glues can be very useful for emergencies with smaller cuts, sealing the wounds quickly. So it really should be in your first aid kit.

CA glue was used for war medicine already in 1966, during the Vietnam War, to reduce bleeding in wounded soldiers before they were sent to proper medical care at hospital. However, for various reasons it wasnt approved for wounds and surgery by the US FDA until 1998.

The procedure is simple if you know how to treat cuts and how to use super glues: Clean the wound properly, press the ends of the wound together and apply the glue to the skin, making sure to get as little glue in the wound as possible. Also, like always with super glue; make sure that nothing else gets glued stuck. Like your other fingers...

In this case, I managed to cut through the nail, about 3-4mm into the tissue, cutting the nail in half, but with the both parts still attached to the thumb. The cut was cleaned, and pressed tight to stop it from bleeding, the two pieces pressed together, and then super glue brushed onto the nail only. Quick and easy fix that will allow it to heal up. And far better than a band aid. Of course proper Dermabond, SurgiSeal or EpiGlue  etc, are far better as regular super glue can irritate the skin, but they are also much, much more expensive. As an alternative you can also look for super glues for veterinary purposes, like Surgi-Lock, Nexaband, VetGlu, Vetbond and LiquiVet, all of which come at a cheaper price.

Finally, also make sure to never apply large quantities to skin as that can lead to chemical burn. And it is probably wise to see a doctor and have it treated properly, once you get back to civilization.

 

Comment on Facebook

I do carry Superglue in my fak But was quite unsure on exactly how to use it, until now. Thankyou -a great read 🙌🏽

5 months ago

Northern Bush

Time for a reminder about watching out for ticks.

While not in themselves dangerous, they can spread diseases, in Scandinavia primarily Lyme borreliosis (Lyme Disease) and Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE).

Borreliosis tends to show as a pinkish ring (more common for men) or filled circle (more common for women) shape around the bite, and if you see this within 2-30 days of being bitten, and if it grows to the size of a palm, then you need to seek medical help at once. However, this only shows for about 50-75% of those infected with borreliosis. Many, but not all, get flu-like symptoms. Without treatment, you risk serious, cronic effects like severe itching, fatigue, lack of appetite, kidney effects, swelling, headaches, neck and joint stiffness.

TBE has an incubation time of 1-2 weeks after having been infected. It leads to Encephalitis, which results in severe headaches and fever, sometimes cramps or even paralysis. Most people recover fully, but ca 30% end up with remaining or permanent issues, like memory loss, severe fatigue or even permanent paralysis. Rare deaths have even occured. There is no cure for this virus, so only treatment for individual symptoms is available. Vaccination can be done preemptively in three stages over a year, after which it needs to be repeated every third year.

Ticks tend to lurk in high grass and bushes and from there jumps onto their prey, which re commonly warmblooded animals, including humans. They seek soft skin, but can also attach to the legs, the back etc, for which reason you may need help to check yourself. Once attached they will suck blood, while injecting a numbing poison, removing pain from the bite. It will often stay for several days, while sucking blood, and growing in size.

Ticks should be removed as quickly as possible, once discovered, and it is fairly simple. Use a tweezer grabbing tightly onto it, as close to the skin as possible, and pull carefully straight out, making sure that the mouth parts are not left in the bite.

For more and better details on the bacteria and viruses spread by ticks, it is suggested you look at proper medical sites or contact a doctor or hospital.
... See MoreSee Less

Time for a reminder about watching out for ticks. 

While not in themselves dangerous, they can spread diseases, in Scandinavia primarily Lyme borreliosis (Lyme Disease) and Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE).

Borreliosis tends to show as a pinkish ring (more common for men) or filled circle (more common for women) shape around the bite, and if you see this within 2-30 days of being bitten, and if it grows to the size of a palm, then you need to seek medical help at once. However, this only shows for about 50-75% of those infected with borreliosis. Many, but not all, get flu-like symptoms. Without treatment, you risk serious, cronic effects like severe itching, fatigue, lack of appetite, kidney effects, swelling, headaches, neck and joint stiffness.

TBE has an incubation time of 1-2 weeks after having been infected. It leads to Encephalitis, which results in severe headaches and fever, sometimes cramps or even paralysis. Most people recover fully, but ca 30% end up with remaining or permanent issues, like memory loss, severe fatigue or even permanent paralysis. Rare deaths have even occured. There is no cure for this virus, so only treatment for individual symptoms is available. Vaccination can be done preemptively in three stages over a year, after which it needs to be repeated every third year.

Ticks tend to lurk in high grass and bushes and from there jumps onto their prey, which re commonly warmblooded animals, including humans. They seek soft skin, but can also attach to the legs, the back etc, for which reason you may need help to check yourself. Once attached they will suck blood, while injecting a numbing poison, removing pain from the bite. It will often stay for several days, while sucking blood, and growing in size.

Ticks should be removed as quickly as possible, once discovered, and it is fairly simple. Use a tweezer grabbing tightly onto it, as close to the skin as possible, and pull carefully straight out, making sure that the mouth parts are not left in the bite.

For more and better details on the bacteria and viruses spread by ticks, it is suggested you look at proper medical sites or contact a doctor or hospital.

 

Comment on Facebook

Wow Thanks For the tips I didnt know There was a different reaction ( circle or ring ) for men & women) Once again Thanks

I've been bite 3 or 4 times this year . But these bites will always be a red bump and itch for a month . I got Lyme D a while ago . I was lucky . Caught it early I guess ..

9 months ago

Northern Bush

Food preservation tip: When you don't have access to modern cooling of foodstuffs, then other forms of preservation become very important. Salting and smoking are two common ones, used for meat. For milk and much needed calcium and fat, the method was to transform it into something more solid, like butter and cheese.

Butter, of course also had a lot of salt added to it for conservation purposes, and was simply made by churning cream.

Cheese was the other common form, made by adding rennet from the cow's fourth stommach to whey. Traditionally, the dried and cleaned stommach of a calf was sliced into small pieces and put into salt water or whey, together with some wine or vinegar. After a night or a few the solution is filtered and is added to milk, coagulating it. 1 gram of the solution can coagulate 2-4 litres of milk.

The cheese is then left to mature, sometimes for several years, and traditionally hung on a shelf that hangs free from the walls, to keep the rats away. However, cheese would commonly become infested with worms which were killed off with a dash of schnaps before eating.

The whey that is a byproduct of the cheese making was also saved and used for making whey butter and whey cheese. The whey butter is simply whey that is boiled until caramelized and brown. The "cheese", technically not a cheese, also has milk and cream mixed with it, and is boiled a bit longer.

Both are highly nutrient as they contain calcium, iron, vitamin B2, and protein. Whey cheese has been eaten in Scandinavia at least since 650BC.

Another way of making milk stay fresh longer is to boil it. This kills off bacteria, Some of the nutrients are lost in the process too though, and it needs to be done at the right temperature. This method is still commonly used among various people around the world.
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Food preservation tip: When you dont have access to modern cooling of foodstuffs, then other forms of preservation become very important. Salting and smoking are two common ones, used for meat. For milk and much needed calcium and fat, the method was to transform it into something more solid, like butter and cheese. 

Butter, of course also had a lot of salt added to it for conservation purposes, and was simply made by churning cream.

Cheese was the other common form, made by adding rennet from the cows fourth stommach to whey. Traditionally, the dried and cleaned stommach of a calf was sliced into small pieces and put into salt water or whey, together with some wine or vinegar. After a night or a few the solution is filtered and is added to milk, coagulating it.  1 gram of the solution can  coagulate 2-4 litres of milk.

The cheese is then left to mature, sometimes for several years, and traditionally hung on a shelf that hangs free from the walls, to keep the rats away. However, cheese would commonly become infested with worms which were killed off with a dash of schnaps before eating.

The whey that is a byproduct of the cheese making was also saved and used for making whey butter and whey cheese. The whey butter is simply whey that is boiled until caramelized and brown. The cheese, technically not a cheese, also has milk and cream mixed with it, and is boiled a bit longer.

Both are highly nutrient as they contain calcium, iron, vitamin B2, and protein. Whey cheese has been eaten in Scandinavia at least since 650BC.

Another way of making milk stay fresh longer is to boil it. This kills off bacteria, Some of the nutrients are lost in the process too though, and it needs to be done at the right temperature. This method is still commonly used among various people around the world.

 

Comment on Facebook

Killing of worms with a shot of snaps... Those were the times!

Heating milk is the pasteurization process which any milk you buy in a store is pasteurized and homogenized. Any of these skills would ideally be practiced now rather than storing the info away for just in case. It's easier to make butter than cheese. Suggest putting in some time at a dairy farm to learn from them. I'm great at making curds...my cheeses I ever tried didn't turn out so well. Lol

9 months ago

Northern Bush

A sewing awl such as this one from Speedy Stitcher, functions as a hand held sewing machine, making a stitch at a time, and can be used both for leatherwork and for field repairs of fabric and leather.

The thread is in a roll stored in the grip, and two needles can be stored in the front part of the grip when the awl is stored away.

Sewing is fairly simple: Punch a hole and leave a good length of thread on the "other side of the fabric. Then punch a new hole and make a loop between the needle and the thread, and put the length of thread through it, and tighten the loop. Repeat as needed and end with a tight knot.

There are plenty of YouTube videos showing the process, so no real need to record another one.
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A sewing awl such as this one from Speedy Stitcher, functions as a hand held sewing machine, making a stitch at a time, and can be used both for leatherwork and for field repairs of fabric and leather. 

The thread is in a roll stored in the grip, and two needles can be stored in the front part of the grip when the awl is stored away.

Sewing is fairly simple: Punch a hole and leave a good length of thread on the other side of the fabric. Then punch a new hole and make a loop between the needle and the thread, and put the length of thread through it, and tighten the loop. Repeat as needed and end with a tight knot. 

There are plenty of YouTube videos showing the process, so no real need to record another one.

9 months ago

Northern Bush

The three traditional tools used for making butter: A strainer, a low through, and a churner with a rod and a cross-shaped "head".

The milk is first strained and then left to rest in several throughs at cool temperature until the milk "settles" and the cream floats up. The cream is then skimmed during the week and put into the churner. If the cream turned out to be good and was churned at reasonably lukewarm temperatures, then the butter churning could take as little as 15 minutes. However, at cooler temperatures, or if the cream was of lower quality, it could take half a day of hard work.

The last step was to put the grainy clump of milky butter into a through and work it with a spoon until all the buttermilk had been pressed out. To this a lot of salt was added, in order for it to stay good longer.

Most of the butter would be sold or traded and very little used in daily meals. Instead lard was put on bread. Only at festivities such as Christmas butter was put on the table.
... See MoreSee Less

The three traditional tools used for making butter: A strainer, a low through, and a churner with a rod and a cross-shaped head.

The milk is first strained and then left to rest in several throughs at cool temperature until the milk settles and the cream floats up. The cream is then skimmed during the week and put into the churner. If the cream turned out to be good and was churned at reasonably lukewarm temperatures, then the butter churning could take as little as 15 minutes. However, at cooler temperatures, or if the cream was of lower quality, it could take half a day of hard work.

The last step was to put the grainy clump of milky butter into a through and work it with a spoon until all the buttermilk had been pressed out. To this a lot of salt was added, in order for it to stay good longer.

Most of the butter would be sold or traded and very little used in daily meals. Instead lard was put on bread. Only at festivities such as Christmas butter was put on the table.

10 months ago

Northern Bush

LUMBERJACK COAL BUN W PORK

This is poor man's food, originally made by Swedish lumberjacks and charcoal kilners in the woods. It uses the simplest of ingredients and should be made in a cast iron pan over open fire, but can of course be done at home too.

Mix 2dl flour with 1/2 tsp salt, then add 3dl of water. (Another variant uses equal parts of water and flour). Let it rest for a while.

Fry some bacon or pork in a hot pan and make sure it releases a LOT of fat, or add lard into the pan to about 1cm depth. Butter doesn't work as well due to the hot temperature, and oil ruins the flavour.

When the bacon is starting to turn crispy, pour in half the batter, covering the bacon completely, and let it all turn nice and crispy. Turn it over and fry the other side.

Eat it as it is, or serve with lingonberry jam and maybe sourcream.
... See MoreSee Less

LUMBERJACK COAL BUN W PORK

This is poor mans food, originally made by Swedish lumberjacks and charcoal kilners in the woods. It uses the simplest of ingredients and should be made in a cast iron pan over open fire, but can of course be done at home too.

Mix 2dl flour with 1/2 tsp salt, then add 3dl of water. (Another variant uses equal parts of water and flour). Let it rest for a while.

Fry some bacon or pork in a hot pan and make sure it releases a LOT of fat, or add lard into the pan to about 1cm depth. Butter doesnt work as well due to the hot temperature, and oil ruins the flavour. 

When the bacon is starting to turn crispy, pour in half the batter, covering the bacon completely, and let it all turn nice and crispy. Turn it over and fry the other side.

Eat it as it is, or serve with lingonberry jam and maybe sourcream.

 

Comment on Facebook

Säger bara en sak, motti (nävgröt). Skrädmjöl och vatten. Det står man sig verkligen på.

Låter faktiskt smarrigt.. Fast ska man jobba med kroppen så jag som ungrare föredrar nåt helt annat som bränsle 🙂 Håller flera år saltad och rökt, sen är det så jäfla gott med bröd och grönsaker <3

Kolbulle går att leva på under lång tid. Det är ju bevisat redan

Det där står man sig länge på

10 months ago

Northern Bush

Be careful when you are out hiking. This is the trickiest passage on this particular trail, with a steeper angle than it looks in the photo at about 30-35°, with uneven ground, full of thick, slippery pine and spruce roots as well as the odd lose rock and gravel, here of course covered in ice and snow.

If you are new to hiking, then keep in mind that your backpack drastically changes your centre of weight, which is noticable just when walking, but can be very difficult when you lose balance, not least since it tends to shift as you stumble, with the rig not firmly tightened.

Zig-zagging down carefully and slowly, with a walking stick in hand for a third leg is good, but still not a guarantee. A walking stick does help a lot though, as you can keep two points in contact with the ground, allowing you to lean in various ways, and even getting purchase on spots that are a bit off. They too can slip though, especially on rocks and gravel, and of course on ice. Take it slow, especially if you are out hiking alone, far from help.
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Be careful when you are out hiking. This is the trickiest passage on this particular trail, with a steeper angle than it looks in the photo at about 30-35°, with uneven ground, full of thick, slippery pine and spruce roots as well as the odd lose rock and gravel, here of course covered in ice and snow. 

If you are new to hiking, then keep in mind that your backpack drastically changes your centre of weight, which is noticable just when walking, but can be very difficult when you lose balance, not least since it tends to shift as you stumble, with the rig not firmly tightened. 

Zig-zagging down carefully and slowly, with a walking stick in hand for a third leg is good, but still not a guarantee. A walking stick does help a lot though, as you can keep two points in contact with the ground, allowing you to lean in various ways, and even getting purchase on spots that are a bit off. They too can slip though, especially on rocks and gravel, and of course on ice. Take it slow, especially if you are out hiking alone, far from help.

11 months ago

Northern Bush

There are two philosophies for packing a backpack: High vs low centre of gravity. While the former works well for solid, even ground, it is actually quite problematic on uneven, difficult terrain where you can't trust your footing, like when walking on mud, or when skiing. High centre of gravity gives less good balance and can easily cause you to fall.

Personally, I only move in the latter conditions and therefore always pack the heavy things low, at the bottom, or underneath the pack, preferably close to the back. Others advice packing the heavy things in between your shoulders when packing "low".

Things that I need to access easily, like first aid, rainwear, snacks etc are of course packed in the external pockets or high. Also, make sure to pack things so they are balanced between left and right. Some things are packed in plastic carriers keeping things ordered in the pack.

Smaller items like camera, binoculars, map, fire tools and tinder are carried in a ditty bag or in the pockets of my jacket and pants.There are two philosophies for packing a backpack: High vs low centre of gravity. While the former works well for solid, even ground, it is actually quite problematic on uneven, difficult terrain where you can't trust your footing, like when walking on mud, or when skiing. High centre of gravity gives less good balance and can easily cause you to fall.

Personally, I only move in the latter conditions and therefore always pack the heavy things low, at the bottom, or underneath the pack, preferably close to the back. Others advice packing the heavy things in between your shoulders when packing "low".

Things that I need to access easily, like first aid, rainwear, snacks etc are of course packed in the external pockets or high. Also, make sure to pack things so they are balanced between left and right. Some things are packed in plastic carriers keeping things ordered in the pack.

Smaller items like camera, binoculars, map, fire tools and tinder is carried in a ditty bag or in the pockets of my jacket and pants.
... See MoreSee Less

There are two philosophies for packing a backpack: High vs low centre of gravity. While the former works well for solid, even ground, it is actually quite problematic on uneven, difficult terrain where you cant trust your footing, like when walking on mud, or when skiing. High centre of gravity gives less good balance and can easily cause you to fall.

Personally, I only move in the latter conditions and therefore always pack the heavy things low, at the bottom, or underneath the pack, preferably close to the back. Others advice packing the heavy things in between your shoulders when packing low.

Things that I need to access easily, like first aid, rainwear, snacks etc are of course packed in the external pockets or high. Also, make sure to pack things so they are balanced between left and right. Some things are packed in plastic carriers keeping things ordered in the pack.

Smaller items like camera, binoculars, map, fire tools and tinder are carried in a ditty bag or in the pockets of my jacket and pants.

 

Comment on Facebook

11 months ago

Northern Bush

Skis have been used since since at least 6300BC and with rock carvings in 2500BC showing skiers using a single skiing staff just like the Sami of northern Scandinavia. The word ski comes from the Old Norse word "skíð" which means stick of wood or ski.

However, to make your skis work the best you need to "wax" them. The traditional way was to add grip only, which helped when going uphill. Scheffer in his Argentoratensis Lapponiae of 1673, documenting the ways of the Sami, describes how one can use pitch made from tar or resin from pine. This would be applied in the upwards rising curve underneath the foot, and stamping down on the skis as you go uphill will give you good grip.

From around the mid 1700s people have also added waxing for great glide. The simplest and easily available way is to use an old paraffin candle. This is applied to the front and back of the skis, i.e. the parts that is always in contact with the snow. Heat is used to melt it, and scraping it smooth makes it work better.

Since then the research on skiing waxes has made great advances and better alternatives exist, but sometimes simpler solutions may be needed and these traditional "waxes" may come in handy.
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Skis have been used since since at least 6300BC and with rock carvings in 2500BC showing skiers using a single skiing staff just like the Sami of northern Scandinavia. The word ski comes from the Old Norse word skíð which means stick of wood or ski.

However, to make your skis work the best you need to wax them. The traditional way was to add grip only, which helped when going uphill. Scheffer in his Argentoratensis Lapponiae of 1673, documenting the ways of the Sami, describes how one can use pitch made from tar or resin from pine. This would be applied in the upwards rising curve underneath the foot, and stamping down on the skis as you go uphill will give you good grip.

From around the mid 1700s people have also added waxing for great glide. The simplest and easily available way is to use an old paraffin candle. This is applied to the front and back of the skis, i.e. the parts that is always in contact with the snow. Heat is used to melt it, and scraping it smooth makes it work better.

Since then the research on skiing waxes has made great advances and better alternatives exist, but sometimes simpler solutions may be needed and these traditional waxes may come in handy.

11 months ago

Northern Bush

The Norwegian Mountain Code is a good set of basic rules that can be applied to basically any travelling in remote areas. Here it is in brief:

1. Be prepared
Be sufficiently experienced and fit for your intended tour. Practice hiking or skiing with a pack away from trails and tracks, even if conditions are poor. Your physical and mental fitness, your experience and your gear determine the sensible length of a tour.

2. Leave word of your route
Many cabins, hotels and other lodgings have tour notification boxes in which you may put written notice of your tour route. In an emergency, the details you give will aid the rescue service.

3. Be weatherwise
An old adage advises that you should always be alert to forecasts of bad weather yet not rely completely on forecasts of good weather. Regardless of the forecast, you should be prepared for bad weather.

4. Learn from the locals
Local people often can tell you about avalanche train, wind and snow conditions and good choices of route.

5. Use map and compass
Always have and know how to use map and compass. Before departing, study the map and trace your route to gain a basis for a successful tour. Follow the map, even when weather and visibility are good, so you always know where you are.

6. Don't go solo
If you trek alone, there's nobody to give first aid or notify a rescue service in an emergency. Yet there isn't always safety in numbers. A large party is inadvisable, particularly if its members are unequally experienced. A party is never stronger than its weakest member.

7. Turn back in time; sensible retreat is no disgrace
If conditions deteriorate so you doubt that you can attain your goal, turn about and return. Don't try to defy weather, as others may risk their lives to rescue you. If you change your goal, be sure to notify the cabin that expects you.

8. Conserve energy and build a snow shelter if necessary
The stronger the wind, the tougher the trekking. Suit speed to the weakest member of the party and avoid sweating. If you go in single file, turn often to ensure that the others follow. Remember to eat and drink frequently. Insufficient food and drink lead to lethargy, and you can become discouraged. Start building a snow shelter before you are exhausted.The Norwegian Mountain Code is a good set of basic rules that can be applied to basically any travelling in remote areas.

1. Be prepared
Be sufficiently experienced and fit for your intended tour. Practice hiking or skiing with a pack away from trails and tracks, even if conditions are poor. It's then that you gain the experience needed for mountain tours. Your physical and mental fitness, your experience and your gear determine the sensible length of a tour.

2. Leave word of your route
Many cabins, hotels and other lodgings have tour notification boxes in which you may put written notice of your tour route. In an emergency, the details you give will aid the rescue service. However, the best safeguard is to plan your tour so you need not be rescued by others.

3. Be weatherwise
An old adage advises that you should always be alert to forecasts of bad weather yet not rely completely on forecasts of good weather. Regardless of the forecast, you should be prepared for bad weather. Even a fresh breeze (Beaufort Scale 5) combined with sleet or frost can produce frostbite. Weather forecasts aren't sufficiently detailed to forecast local weather in mountain areas. Despite forecasts usually being right, it's difficult to predict when weather will change. So you should heed forecasts in adjoining lowlands as well as in the mountains, and follow weather changes.
Be equipped for bad weather and frost.
Always take a rucksack and proper mountain gear. Put on more clothing if you see approaching bad weather or if the temperature drops. A roomy anorak, long wind trousers, wind mittens and warm headgear are good outer clothing. Put them on in good time. Stand with your back to the wind and help others put on their clothing. Use a survival bag for additional protection.

4. Learn from the locals
Local people often can tell you about avalanche train, wind and snow conditions and good choices of route.

5. Use map and compass
Always have and know how to use map and compass. Before departing, study the map and trace your route to gain a basis for a successful tour. Follow the map, even when weather and visibility are good, so you always know where you are. When visibility deteriorates, it can be difficult to determine your position. Read the map as you go and take note of points you can recognize. Rely on the compass. Use a transparent, watertight map case attached to your body so it cannot blow away. Take bearings between terrain points on the map that can guide you to your goal. Use the compass to stay on a bearing from a known point.

6. Don't go solo
If you trek alone, there's nobody to give first aid or notify a rescue service in an emergency. Yet there isn't always safety in numbers. A large party is inadvisable, particularly if its members are unequally experienced. A party never is stronger than its weakest member.

7. Turn back in time; sensible retreat is no disgrace
If conditions deteriorate so you doubt that you can attain your goal, turn about and return. Don't try to defy weather, as others may risk their lives to rescue you. If you change your goal, be sure to notify the cabin that expects you. If you start a tour in windy, uncertain weather, go against the wind. Then it will be easier to backtrack if need be.

8. Conserve energy and build a snow shelter if necessary
The stronger the wind, the tougher the trekking. Suit speed to the weakest member of the party and avoid sweating. If you go in single file, turn often to ensure that the others follow, more so in bad weather when it's hard to hear voices. Remember to eat and drink frequently. Physical activity increases the body's need for liquid intake, even if you don't feel thirsty. Insufficient food and drink lead to lethargy, and you can become discouraged. Start building a snow shelter before you are exhausted; a few hours is enough to build a snow trench or snow cave. When you have surplus time and energy, practice building a shelter; the experience gained can be valuable. A survival bag can provide emergency shelter.
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The Norwegian Mountain Code is a good set of basic rules that can be applied to basically any travelling in remote areas. Here it is in brief:

1. Be prepared
Be sufficiently experienced and fit for your intended tour. Practice hiking or skiing with a pack away from trails and tracks, even if conditions are poor. Your physical and mental fitness, your experience and your gear determine the sensible length of a tour.

2. Leave word of your route
Many cabins, hotels and other lodgings have tour notification boxes in which you may put written notice of your tour route. In an emergency, the details you give will aid the rescue service. 

3. Be weatherwise
An old adage advises that you should always be alert to forecasts of bad weather yet not rely completely on forecasts of good weather. Regardless of the forecast, you should be prepared for bad weather. 

4. Learn from the locals
Local people often can tell you about avalanche train, wind and snow conditions and good choices of route.

5. Use map and compass
Always have and know how to use map and compass. Before departing, study the map and trace your route to gain a basis for a successful tour. Follow the map, even when weather and visibility are good, so you always know where you are. 

6. Dont go solo
If you trek alone, theres nobody to give first aid or notify a rescue service in an emergency. Yet there isnt always safety in numbers. A large party is inadvisable, particularly if its members are unequally experienced. A party is never stronger than its weakest member.

7. Turn back in time; sensible retreat is no disgrace
If conditions deteriorate so you doubt that you can attain your goal, turn about and return. Dont try to defy weather, as others may risk their lives to rescue you. If you change your goal, be sure to notify the cabin that expects you. 

8. Conserve energy and build a snow shelter if necessary
The stronger the wind, the tougher the trekking. Suit speed to the weakest member of the party and avoid sweating. If you go in single file, turn often to ensure that the others follow. Remember to eat and drink frequently. Insufficient food and drink lead to lethargy, and you can become discouraged. Start building a snow shelter before you are exhausted.

 

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11 months ago

Northern Bush

Today's flea market bargain: A Gskyer 20-60x60 Spotting Scope with a Cullman tripod. Not the greatest of scopes or tripods, but at 30€ and about a quarter of the price of new I can use it without worrying too much about breaking it. And even new it performs above its price.

Haven't used one of these since I was a young man at the range, so I am looking forward to using it in spring when the birds come back.
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Todays flea market bargain: A Gskyer 20-60x60 Spotting Scope with a Cullman tripod. Not the greatest of scopes or tripods, but at 30€ and about a quarter of the price of new I can use it without worrying too much about breaking it. And even new it performs above its price.

Havent used one of these since I was a young man at the range, so I am looking forward to using it in spring when the birds come back.

12 months ago

Northern Bush

One of the most beautiful Northern woods is birch burl and it has been used traditionally for many things, including knife handles, kuksa and bowls. Regular burl is caused by stress and is a result of injury, fungus or virus, causing the deformity. With Masur Birch however, it is a genetic deficiency causing the "vril", the outgrowths from the tree.

This is removed from the tree and then the wood is carefully dried - often boiled for 5-12 hours in water with a mix of ca 0.15kg salt and 0.05kg sugar per 10 litres of water. When it has cooled off, the bark is carefully removed. The ends of the fibres are then covered with glue so it dries evenly, and the wood is left to rest for a year in the dark at cool temperature before being used.

The deformities causes beautiful twirls in the wood grain, which can be enhanced with linseed oil. This big old bowl is unfinished and will be polished and oiled soon, and I expect the end results to be beautiful.
... See MoreSee Less

One of the most beautiful Northern woods is birch burl and it has been used traditionally for many things, including knife handles, kuksa and bowls. Regular burl is caused by stress and is a result of injury, fungus or virus, causing the deformity. With Masur Birch however, it is a genetic deficiency causing the vril, the outgrowths from the tree.

This is removed from the tree and then the wood is carefully dried - often boiled for 5-12 hours in water with a mix of ca 0.15kg salt and 0.05kg sugar per 10 litres of water. When it has cooled off, the bark is carefully removed. The ends of the fibres are then covered with glue so it dries evenly, and the wood is left to rest for a year in the dark at cool temperature before being used.

The deformities causes beautiful twirls in the wood grain, which can be enhanced with linseed oil. This big old bowl is unfinished and will be polished and oiled soon, and I expect the end results to be beautiful.

12 months ago

Northern Bush

Having problems lighting a match due to wind? Try holding the match near vertical first, allowing it to catch proper fire more quickly, before the wind gets a chance to blow it out. Of course shielding it with your other hand is also important. ... See MoreSee Less

Having problems lighting a match due to wind? Try holding the match near vertical first, allowing it to catch proper fire more quickly, before the wind gets a chance to blow it out. Of course shielding it with your other hand is also important.

1 years ago

Northern Bush

It is sometimes said that "The best knife is the one you always carry with you" and this is true not for just knives. Things that are too uncomfortable or too impractical to bring or carry just won't be used as imagined at home.

So for everyday carry, I always wear my easy to wear EKA Swede 10. And when out in the woods, I usually don't bring my larger binoculars, unless I am out for a short day hike with light packing. A cheap, small binoculars is quite enough and is easy to carry around the neck or in a pocket, for easy access when I want to observe something in the landscape or need to check my bearings and decide on what route to take. And as a bonus, even a very cheap binoculars will do for 95% of my uses.

#northernbush #bushcraft #survival #prepping #outdoors
... See MoreSee Less

It is sometimes said that The best knife is the one you always carry with you and this is true not for just knives. Things that are too uncomfortable or too impractical to bring or carry just wont be used as imagined at home. 

So for everyday carry, I always wear my easy to wear EKA Swede 10. And when out in the woods, I usually dont bring my larger binoculars, unless I am out for a short day hike with light packing. A cheap, small binoculars is quite enough and is easy to carry around the neck or in a pocket, for easy access when I want to observe something in the landscape or need to check my bearings and decide on what route to take. And as a bonus, even a very cheap binoculars will do for 95% of my uses.

#northernbush #bushcraft #survival #prepping #outdoors

 

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And to be specific, I normally carry one of these, quite old and bought for 10USD. Works perfectly in most instances.

1 years ago

Northern Bush

Quick tip: Tie a loop of string and fold it over several times over the ridgeline and pull it through itself. That way you have a "stopper" that you can place where you want whatever hangs from the line to hang. The friction locks it in place. You can of course also hang things from it, but here it just functions as a simple stopper.

#northernbush #hammock #outdoors #bushcraft #hiking #outdoorslife #trekkingLittle trick. Tie a loop of string and fold it over the ridgeline and pull it through itself. That way you have a "stopper" that you can place where you want whatever hangs from the line to hang. The friction locks it in place.
... See MoreSee Less

Quick tip: Tie a loop of string and fold it over several times over the ridgeline and pull it through itself. That way you have a stopper that you can place where you want whatever hangs from the line to hang. The friction locks it in place. You can of course also hang things from it, but here it just functions as a simple stopper.

#northernbush #hammock #outdoors #bushcraft #hiking #outdoorslife #trekking

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